Monday, May 25, 2020

Should Animals Be Placed On Animal Testing - 1513 Words

The only law that has been created to regulate animal treatment is the Animal Welfare Act, according to InfoBase learning, â€Å"the law does not, however, ban the infliction of pain on animal subjects outright. Additionally, the Animal Welfare Act covers only dogs, cats, primates, rabbits, hamsters, and guinea pigs. It does not cover mice, rats, or birds.† While this law does set restrictions on animal testing, it does not cover all species used for research. Through this act, select animals are provided minimal protection, while the other animals are excluded. The animals that do receive the protection are still mistreated and abused, while the animals that are unaffected by the law are still being mistreated, to a greater degree. The animals deserve much better treatment and unfortunately have no control over whether or not they will be tested on. Because of the problems surrounding animal experimentation, limitations should be placed on animal testing because of ethical st andards, unreliability, and existing alternative methods. Imagine Max, a helpless dog, is going to get tested today, however not with the usual sort of tests we go in for. Instead, Max will be used as an experiment, an examination to see how his body will react to pesticides. There is no guarantee that Max will live through this trial. This is the case for many dogs in laboratories across the U.S., is it ethical? Many will agree that if Max was a human, things would be very different in the face ofShow MoreRelatedAnimal Testing Should Not Be Banned1077 Words   |  5 Pages Did you know that in the United States alone 26 million animals are used in testing each year? Did you know the Federal Animal Welfare Act (AWA) does not protect 95% of animals in experiments and testing and that over 97 thousand animals that experience pain are not given drugs to ease the pain? That the United States and Gabon are the only two countries that allow testing on chimpanzees? Animal testing has been used worldwide and for many different matters, but does the use of it really help andRead MoreHave You Ever Seen A Cruelty Free Symbol In The Shape Of1430 Words   |  6 Pagescontents were made without it being tested on an animal first. But what if the symbol wasn’t on the bottle? Have you ever thought of what would happen to that bunny you would usually see in a pet store? To answer this question, commonly, animals put through experimentation are put through force feeding, food deprivation, and inflictions of wounds. That bunny probably is not okay right now. Cosmetic companies all over the world endanger the lives of animals to test toxicity and irritation of products.Read MoreAnimal Experimentation Should Be Eliminated1656 Words   |  7 Pagesabuse animals in medical research? People’s opinions on this topic will vary but as strong as an opinion can be, there is more to it than just that. After reading a lot of different articles on animal testing, it has not been as beneficial to humans as we think. People misunderstand the cruelty and torture animals are put through in their lives, and are unaware or just simply don’t understand the procedures and techniques that they endure. Animal experimentation should be eliminated. Animal testingRead MoreAnimal Testing in Cosmetics Essay1033 Words   |  5 Pagesinvolve the use of harmless animals. Several large commercial companies do not make products for animals; they decide that using these harmless creatures for the testing of their products, could be cause to be harmful to animals still go forward with these types of procedures on an everyday basis. Although these animals are unable to defend themselves or signs of any form of consent for the near death procedures, these companies find this as a cheap solution for testing their products before placingRead MoreAnimal Testing Is Inhumane For Diseases, And Development Of Medical Treatments983 Words   |  4 PagesWhat is animal testing ? Animal testing is when scientist experiment on animals to find cures for diseases, and development of medical treatments. Many animals die because of this. Majority of people don’t know what they go through and how the process is done. Animal testing is inhumane for the following: why it is done, how it is done, and when it is done. To begin with, why is it done? Animal testing is done to protect humans from bad products that may hurt them, also to find ways to cure diseasesRead MoreEssay about Animal Rights1553 Words   |  7 Pagesissue of animal experimentation is a widely debated topic in the United States. A fundamental question of this debate is whether the functions of animal testing and research are morally and ethically justified. In the viewpoint of the pro-research community, animal testing is a necessary practice. They support this position by stating that humans, instinctually, prioritize their own survival above other animals thus making any use of animals justifiable (Fox 5). The supporters of animal testing believeRead MoreAnimal Experimentation And My Personal Stance On The Matter1159 Words   |  5 PagesDo animals feel pain? Do they suffer when in distress? Almost all animal research is conducted for better understanding of human diseases and illnesses, rarely are animals used for the bene fits of animals. Is the pain felt by animals worth the advances in human understandings? I will discuss what animals are used for, why they are used, the ethical dilemma of animal research, laws relevant to the study of animal experimentation and my personal stance on the matter. Animal testing has many otherRead More Animal testing Essay865 Words   |  4 PagesUse of animals for Laboratory Testing There has been an on going debate on whether to use animals for laboratory testing. There are people now saying the use of animals in laboratory testing is not necessary and there are other alternatives. Many of these people claim the tests that are performed on the animals are not particularly valid. On the other hand, others claim that laboratory testing has been depended on animals to achieve medical advances. Whether or not the use of animals in laboratoryRead MoreEssay about The Cruelty of Animal Testing1245 Words   |  5 PagesThere are nearly 26 million animals in the United States who are tested for commercial and scientific use. The AWA- Animal Welfare Act- provides limitations on which animals institutions and scientists can use. Since 1850, the AWA protected about 1,134,693 animals, but has left about 25 million other animals to be scientifically and commercially used. The fact that there are about 25 million animal species not protected by the AWA has many people against animal testing. The AWA sets minimum housingRead MoreAnimal Testing Should Be Banned848 Words   |  4 Pages As a society we have failed to notice, it’s everywhere. The animal testing footprint. Aeroguard, Chapstick, Michael Kors, Palmolive and Dettol: these common household brands all have the dark footprints of animal experimentation embedded into it. Each year over 6.5 million animals are brutally tested, killed or harmed in Australia and New Zealand, for many brands across the nation. You may think that Animal Testing has nothing to do with you but the real truth is, it does. It’s unavoidable to

Thursday, May 14, 2020

100 Persuasive Essay Topics

Persuasive  essays are a bit like argument essays and persuasive speeches, but they tend to be a little kinder and gentler. Argument essays require you to discuss and to attack an alternate view, while persuasive essays are attempts to convince the reader that you have a believable argument. In other words, you are an advocate, not an adversary. A Persuasive Essay Has 3 Components Introduction: This is the opening paragraph of your essay. It contains the hook, which is used to grab the readers attention, and the thesis, or argument, which youll explain in the next section.Body: This is the heart of your essay, usually three to five paragraphs in length. Each paragraph examines one theme or issue used to support your thesis.Conclusion: This is the final paragraph of your essay. In it, youll sum up the main points of the body and connect them to your thesis. Persuasive essays often use the conclusion as a last appeal to the audience. Learning how to write a persuasive essay is an essential skill that people use every day in fields from business to law to media and entertainment. English students can begin writing a persuasive essay at any skill level. Youre sure to find a sample topic or two from the list of 100 persuasive essays below, sorted by degree of difficulty. 1:53 Watch Now: 12 Ideas for Great Persuasive Essay Topics Beginner Kids should get paid for good grades.Students should have less homework.Snow days are great for family  time.Penmanship is important.Short hair is better than long hair.We should all grow our own vegetables.We need more holidays.Aliens probably exist.Gym class is more important than music class.Kids should be able to vote.Kids should get paid for extra activities like sports.School should take place in the evenings.Country life is better than city life.City life is better than country life.We can change the world.Skateboard helmets should be mandatory.We should provide food for the poor.Children should be paid for doing chores.We should populate the moon.Dogs make better pets than cats. Intermediate The government should impose household trash limits.Nuclear weapons are an effective deterrent against foreign attack.Teens should be required to take parenting classes.We should teach etiquette in schools.School uniform laws are unconstitutional.All students should wear uniforms.Too much money is a bad thing.High schools should offer specialized degrees in arts or sciences.Magazine advertisements send unhealthy signals to young women.Robocalling should be outlawed.Age 12 is too young to babysit.Children should be required to read more.All students should be given the opportunity to study abroad.Yearly driving tests should be mandatory past age 65.Cell phones should never be used while driving.All schools should implement bullying awareness programs.Bullies should be kicked out of school.Parents of bullies should have to pay a fine.The school year should be longer.School days should start later.Teens should be able to choose their bedtime.There should be a mandatory entrance exam for high school.Public transit should be privatized.We should allow pets in school.The voting age should be lowered to 16.Beauty contests are bad for body image.Every American should learn to speak Spanish.Every immigrant should learn to speak English.Video games can be educational.College athletes should be paid for their services.We need a military draft.Professional sports should eliminate cheerleaders.Teens should be able to start driving at 14 instead of 16.Year-round school is a bad idea.High school campuses should be guarded by police officers.The legal drinking age should be lowered to 19.Kids under 15 shouldnt have Facebook pages.Standardized testing should be eliminated.Teachers should be paid more.There should be one world currency. Advanced Domestic surveillance without a warrant should be legal.Letter grades should be replaced with a pass or fail.Every family should have a natural disaster survival plan.Parents should talk to kids about drugs at a young age.Racial slurs should be illegal.Gun ownership should be tightly regulated.Puerto Rico should be granted statehood.People should go to jail when they abandon their pets.Free speech should have limitations.Members of Congress should be subject to term limits.Recycling should be mandatory for everyone.High-speed internet access should be regulated like a public utility.Yearly driving tests should be mandatory for the first five years after getting a license.Recreational marijuana should be made legal nationwide.Legal marijuana should be taxed and regulated like tobacco or alcohol.Child support dodgers should go to jail.Students should be allowed to pray in school.All Americans have a constitutional right to health care.Internet access should be free for everyone.Social Security should be privatized.Pregnant couples should receive parenting lessons.We shouldnt use products made from animals.Celebrities should have more privacy rights.Professional football is too violent and should be banned.We need better sex education in schools.School testing is not effective.The United States should build a border wall with Mexico and with Canada.Life is better than it was 50 years ago.Eating meat is unethical.A vegan diet is the only diet people should follow.Medical testing on animals should be illegal.The Electoral College is outdated.Medical testing on animals is necessary.Public safety is more important than an individuals right to privacy.Single-sex colleges provide a better education.Books should never be banned.Violent video games can cause people to act violently in real life.Freedom of religion has limitations.Nuclear power should be illegal.Climate change should be the presidents primary political concern. Sources Arizona State University Writing Center staff. Persuasive Essay Structure., June 2012.Collins, Jen, and Polak, Adam. Persuasive Essays.

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Essay on AP Point of View - 656 Words

Point of view is a very important element of literature. In the book Literature Reading, Reacting, Writing point of view is described as, â€Å"the vantage point from which events are presented† (Kirszner and Mandell 300). The point of view of a story is simply the view of whoever’s telling it. Kirszner and Mandell inform readers that if the narrator can enter all the characters’ minds and always knows what is going on, then he is omniscient (303). Kirszner and Mandell also tell readers that if a narrator can only enter one character’s mind, then he is a limited omniscient narrator (304). Point of view plays an important role in the effectiveness of a story. By analyzing John Updike’s â€Å"AP† one can observe how point of view is used to develop†¦show more content†¦He rants, â€Å"We want you decently dressed when you come in here† (Updike 227). However, the definition of decency changes overtime. Sammy cannot tell readers w hat it is, but he could give readers his opinion of how the girls were treated. He feels they were treated unjustly. The theme of the story is pretty simple, nothing is set in stone. Readers get to see this theme outlined when the girls walk in the store dressed against the norm. Additionally, neither the reader nor the manager expected Sammy to quit his job. His job was important considering the time era. However, times do change. Everyone has a point in which they get fed up. These girls appear to be reminiscent of the hippie subculture. All the sexual overtone in Sammy’s thoughts are also reminiscent of the hippie culture. Overall, the story was better told by Sammy because he offered us the perspective of someone in the middle. Sammy’s perspective, while subjective in thought, was generally examining instead of asserting. John Updike’s â€Å"AP† was heavily affected by the element of point of view. Sammy’s view not only helped define other characters, but it helped define the theme as well. The fact that the narrator was not third person helped maintain the focus of the story. The story greatly benefitted from having a first person narrator. This is because the character of Sammy offered readers some middle ground. Readers weren’t able to take sides immediately. Instead, they were kind ofShow MoreRelatedDivergent by Veronica Roth Essay721 Words   |  3 Pagesthat develops the main idea. Meaning â€Å"ascending cement stairs† (p 39) connotative- stairs leading upward denotative- they are getting higher â€Å"concentric circles† (p 39) connotative- circles sharing the same center denotative-connected circles â€Å"diffuse the tension† (p 115) connotative- spread the tension denotative- the tension will be more wide spread â€Å"patronizing look† (p 154) connotative- look at with apparent kindness that betrays theRead MoreEducating Multicultural Curriculum Reform : School Curriculums Are Largely Biased Towards The Views Of Americans With European Heritage Essay1135 Words   |  5 Pagestowards the views of Americans with European heritage, which is distorting the worldviews of American students and severely under representing minorities. A multi-cultural approach to instruction is needed to help decrease, and eliminate the justification of, the feeling of superiority felt among many white Americans. First, Banks supports his opinion by discussing the negative impact a mainstream-centric curriculum has on multicultural students, as well as white students. (p. 242). He points out thatRead MoreAnalysis of Sidgwicks Third Axiom Essay1073 Words   |  5 PagesThis paper will object to Sidgwick’s axiom that from the point of view of the universe, the good of one is no more important than t he good of another on the ground that it is analytic. I present the purpose and content of the axiom with a further explanation of what I take ‘the point of view of the universe’ to mean. I then consider the response of the Egoist to the axiom and Sidgwick’s counter-response to illustrate the tautology of the argument. The tautology of the argument brings it in line withRead MoreThe Sixth Decade : The New Shape Of Nuclear Danger Essay1457 Words   |  6 Pagesweapons and those who do not. He states that â€Å"a highly volatile and violent contest is no longer bi-polar but global between some of the existing possessors of the bomb and new entrants or petitioners to the club who hope to deter the great ones† (Schell, p.6, 2007). His argument here is clear. Why should the smaller countries trust the current nuclear powers for protection, and if they can use nuclear weapons for deterrence to ensure their safety why cannot they? Schell argues that the five pow erful countriesRead MoreThe Values Of The Textbook1158 Words   |  5 Pagesswappers illegally downloading songs (p.72) Sales decrease for recording labels (p.72) Use internet to post music/videos to gain larger audience at less of a cost (p.72) 2 Homogenized radio industry (p.108) Saves money (p.108) Let there be interaction between Deejays and the audience. Live vs. voice tracking (p.108) 3 Introduced VOD-DVRs, iPods, Netflix (p.155) Enables customers to choose what they want to watch and whenever they want, without commercials (p.155) Less commercialization and keep cableRead MoreA Reflective Paper On Integration852 Words   |  4 Pages The Spirit of Truth must be central in that decision and thus the use of Christian Psychology is my current integrative position. Historic Foundation Understanding human beings according to historic Christianity is a foundation of this view (Johnson, 2010 p. 155). There is evidence of psychology embedded in the wisdom of Scripture, as in Jesus’ Sermon on the Mount and throughout the New Testament for Jesus’ dealing with sin and restoration. The woman at the well, the woman caught in the act ofRead MoreThose Kind Of Discriminations Are What Taylor Callsstrong Evaluation1727 Words   |  7 Pagesâ€Å"the objects in the light of our desires, but also the desires themselves† (Ibid, p.66). The strong evaluation as well as the subject-referring imports as a basis of such evaluation are strongly affective on human beings and their respective lives. To evaluate and classify into good/bad, higher/lower, or any other categories means to identify â€Å"what it is we really are about, what is really important to us† (Ibid, p.68). In sum, Taylor (Ibid) argues that human beings are self-interpreting animalsRead MoreCase Study: Arcadian Microarray Technologies, Inc.1305 Words   |  6 PagesInc., a biotechnology firm. The bid is currently at $40 million. The Arcadian’s managers have optimistic projections for their firms’ performance over the next 11 years. However, based on Sierra’s calculations, come up a much more conservative view. With the request of Mr. Chu, a fair bid price could be calculated along with any appropriate counterproposals. Appropriate steady state growth rates and terminal values would be included and explained. I. Objective The main objective of thisRead MoreThe Values Of Social Medias And National Rating Organisations1551 Words   |  7 Pages2 National rating schemes advantages 2 2.1 From a hotel point of view 2 2.2 From a consumer point of view 2 3 National rating schemes disadvantages 3 3.1 From a hotel point of view 3 3.2 From a consumer point of view 3 4 Social media rating systems advantages 3 4.1 From a hotel point of view 3 4.2 From a consumer point of view 3 5 Social media rating systems disadvantages 4 5.1 From a hotel point of view 4 5.2 From a consumer point of view 4 6 Conclusion 4 REFERENCES 5 1 Introduction 1.1 AuthorisationRead MoreThe Problem Of Separation And Dualism1399 Words   |  6 PagesPhysicalism â€Å"‘And that’, he argued, ‘means that somewhere in them is intelligence. It can’t be seated in a brain because dissection shows nothing like a brain –but that doesn’t prove there isn’t something that does a brain’s job† (Wyndham, 1951/2008, p. 47) Suppose it is a nice sunny day, and you decide to linger in the sun; after a few minutes you may feel thirsty and you look for some refreshment. It can be said that this situation triggers two ‘situations’; on the one hand there is a physical

Tuesday, May 5, 2020

Cloud Computing Cloud Service Providers

Question: Discuss about the case study Cloud Computing for Cloud Service Providers. Answer: Introduction Cloud computing is defined as a model which enables ubiquitous, on- demand access of network for sharing a pool of configurable resources of computing. In this report, Amazon is selected as a cloud-computing provider (Collins, 2014). The content of the report comprises of list of computing providers, their models, and justification for selecting Amazon as cloud computing provider and comparison of services provided by Amazon with Bluemix. List of cloud computing providers and their models Serial No. Names of Cloud Service Providers Provided Services Models of Cloud service providers 1. Amazon Amazon Web services 1. 1.Platform as a Service 2. 2. Infrastructure as a Service 2. IBM 1. IBM Cloud 2. IBM Bluemix Services (, 2016) 1. PaaS (Platform as a Service) 2. IaaS (Infrastructure as a Service) 3. SaaS (Software as a service) 3. Google Google Compute Cloud PaaS (Platform as a Service) 4. Microsoft Microsoft Azure PaaS (Platform as a Service) Justification for selecting Amazon Web Services There are several reasons behind selecting Amazon Web Services. The reasons are: Performance: The most well-known services provided by Amazon are EC2 and Amazon S3. The power of Performance of AWS is in the storage (Amazon Web Services, Inc., 2016). The reliability of Amazon web services is better than Bluemix. The application is helpful in randomly powering down a component in the environment of Cloud Computing. Security: For minimizing the effect of outages and for ensuring the robustness of the system it is geographically used. AWS uses an end-to-end approach in order to provide security and for hardening its infrastructure (Amazon Web Services, Inc., 2016). Virtual Amazon Private Cloud is provided by AWS, which is used for hosting the services on a network that is private. The network cannot be accessed from the internet. Comparison and contrast between Amazon Web Services and Bluemix Cloud Service Models IBM Bluemix uses three types of cloud service models. The service models that they use are as follows:Platform as a service, Infrastructure as a service and Software as a service. IaaS gives basic resources of computing including networking, servers and data center space and many more. IaaS is considered as the foundation layer of IBM Bluemix. PaaS helps in providing a combination of platform and infrastructure software (, 2016). It includes application development that is cloud based, database software and hardware environment. Saas helps in providing network related access to network. On the other hand Amazon Web services only use Paas and IaaS cloud service model. Amazon web services uses PaaS cloud service model for offering an environment of development to application developers (Amazon Web Services, Inc., 2016). They specially develop a standard for the development for distribution. The SaaS model is used for gaining access to application software and databases. Cloud service offered under each model Cloud Service Models Amazon Web Services IBM Bluemix Platform as a Service (PaaS) 1.Application services:- Message Queue Service (SQS) AppStream Elastic Transcoder Email Sending Service (Amazon Web Services, Inc., 2016). 1. Application Services: Data Cache Session cache WebSphere application server (, 2016) Infrastructure as a Service (IaaS) 1. Compute services: EC2 (Virtual Servers in the Cloud) Lambda 2. Networking: VPC (Isolated Cloud Resources) Route 53 3. Storage: S3 (Scalable Storage in the Cloud) Storage Gateway Cloud Front 1. Networking: Virtual private network Content Delivery 2. Storage: Object storage (, 2014). Fig 1: Screenshot of services provided by IBM Bluemix Fig 2: Screenshot of services provided by Amazon Web Services Services offered for Smart Application Model Services offered for Smart Application Model Amazon Web Services IBM Bluemix Internet of Things Application AWS IoT IoT for electronics Internet of Things Platform Context Mapping (, 2014). Artificial Intelligent Application Amazon Cloud introduces the service of Artificial Intelligent Watson Services Introduces the service of Artificial Intelligent (, 2016). Platform Design Amazon web Services works on AWS platform (Amazon Web Services, Inc., 2016). IBM Bluemix uses Cloud Foundry for Platform Design. It offers various plugin like Bluemix tool to integrate Eclipse development (, 2016) Application Development Amazon API Gateway Amazon Cloud Search Amazon App Stream Data Cache Session cache WebSphere application server Deployment Process Cloud Formation Code Deploy Ops Works Virtual Machine Deployment Cost model Amazon web services provide a number of services including storage, database, computing and many more. All the facilities provided by the cloud service provider helps the organization in moving faster. Pricing for all the applications are different and they does not have complex dependencies or requirement of licensing. For example GPU instances require $ 2.6 per hour (Amazon Web Services, Inc., 2016). On the other hand IBM Bluemix also follows various pricing strategies. For example NodeJS cost $24.15 (, 2016). For language Ruby Sinatra, $ 175.35 is charged by IBM Bluemix to large enterprises. Application and Justification of Best Service provider IBM Bluemix is the best service provider. This is due to the following reasons: The most important advantage of IBM Bluemix is that if the runtime arent enough then one can build their own environment by using Dockers-Based Containers. The composable service approach of IBM Bluemix helps an individual in kicking the tiers of new technologies like services of Watson (, 2016). Virtual machine Deployment is used by IBM Bluemix that helps in controlling the entire stack of software (, 2014) IBM Bluemix support hybrid cloud strategy which is not supported by Amazon web services. Conclusion It is concluded that Bluemix is the best provider. Both Amazon Web Services and IBM Bluemix uses Platform based and infrastructure based cloud service models but the virtual machine deployment in Bluemix helps in controlling the entire stack of software. Amazon web services uses PaaS cloud service model for offering an environment of development for application developers. It is concluded by analyzing the cloud service models used by both the providers. It is analyzed that IBM Bluemix uses Cloud Foundry for its platform designing while Amazon web Services works on AWS platform. References Amazon Web Services, Inc. (2016).AWS Cloud Pricing Principles Amazon Web Services (AWS). [online] Available at: [Accessed 8 Aug. 2016]. Amazon Web Services, Inc. (2016).Free Cloud Services AWS Free Tier. [online] Available at:!4422!3!85428817981!e!!g!!amazon%20webservicesef_id=V2yu4gAAAZGFI7Qh:20160808112052:s [Accessed 8 Aug. 2016]. Amazon Web Services, Inc.(2016).Cloud Products Services - Amazon Web Services (AWS). [online] Available at: [Accessed 8 Aug. 2016]. Collins, E. (2014). Big Data in the Public Cloud.IEEE Cloud Comput., 1(2), pp.13-15. (2016).IBM Bluemix - Next-Generation Cloud App Development Platform. [online] Available at: [Accessed 8 Aug. 2016]. (2016).IBM Bluemix - The cloud platform to accelerate innovation on both sides of the firewall. [online] Available at: [Accessed 8 Aug. 2016]. (2016).IBM Bluemix - The cloud platform to accelerate innovation on both sides of the firewall. [online] Available at: [Accessed 8 Aug. 2016]. (2016).IBM Bluemix - The cloud platform to accelerate innovation on both sides of the firewall. [online] Available at: [Accessed 8 Aug. 2016]. (2016).IBM Bluemix - The cloud platform to accelerate innovation on both sides of the firewall. [online] Available at: [Accessed 8 Aug. 2016]. (2014).IBM's new Platform as a Service (PaaS) - Bluemix for dummies!. [online] Available at: [Accessed 8 Aug. 2016].

Monday, April 6, 2020

A History Of The Early Assertion Of free essay sample

Judicial Power Essay, Research Paper A History of the Early Assertion of Judicial Power Once upon a clip there were several work forces be aftering out the best manner to split the power in a fledgeling new state. Some of them wanted one large power, and others wanted three smaller 1s where the power was approximately every bit divided. Finally they went with the thought of the three powers and everyone appeared to be comparatively content with that. However, the two bigger and? more of import? powers, the Executive and Legislative, started acquiring rather power-hungry and manner excessively large. The smaller, last power, the Judicial, started acquiring a small spot covetous of the other two # 8211 ; until a adult male by the name of John Marshall and his friends, the Federalists, got ahold of Judicial and turned everything about. The Constitution of the United States of America did non make much by manner of sketching the powers held by the Supreme Court. We will write a custom essay sample on A History Of The Early Assertion Of or any similar topic specifically for you Do Not WasteYour Time HIRE WRITER Only 13.90 / page Judicial power was the really last of the three chief subdivisions of authorities to be specified. In the early yearss of the Court? s power, it was left up to the justnesss to asseverate their power and flex their political musculuss. Particularly in the term of John Marshall was the judiciary power defined and enforced to put down the foundation for the tendencies in the Supreme Court still observed today. It was in the early yearss of America that the Court heard those instances which would foremost specify their judicial power. In 1803 it began with the instance of William Marbury v. James Madison. Harmonizing to the United States Constitution, the Supreme Court could take merely those instances of appellant legal power, which came on entreaties, the lone exclusion being those instances affecting foreign diplomats and embassadors. During Marbury v. Madison ( a instance of original legal power ) , Federalist John Marshall was the Chief Justice and Anti-Federalist Thomas Jefferson was the President. The instance revolved around Marbury # 8211 ; besides a Federalist # 8211 ; non having his committee to function as justness of the peace because James Madison, Jefferson? s Secretary of State, neer delivered it. Marshall knew that if he ordered the writ of mandamus to be issued, Jefferson? s disposal would merely take to disregard it. Therefore, he cutely planned his determination out, c ognizing that although in the short term it was an hurt to the Federalists, in the long tally it would assist asseverate the Court? s power and ability to accept or reject instances. Marshall claimed that the power to publish writs of mandamus exceeded the Court? s authorization, as spelled out by Article III of the Constitution. Jefferson realized the deductions of the Court? s new invented power, although he had won this particualr instance. This determination helped to do the Court the concluding authorization on the significance of the Constitution and besides gave the Court authorization to make up ones mind on the constitutionality of the Acts of the Apostless of Congress. While before the power resided largely in the Executive and Legislative subdivisions, after Marbury v. Madison the Court was recognized as an equal spouse in authorities. When the Federalistic Framers of the Constitution drew in Section 10 of Article 1, they knew it would assist them continue one peculiar thing that was affectionately to their Black Marias: private belongings. This alleged? contract clause? was to a great extent enforced during Marshall? s term of office, as shown in the instances of Fletcher v. Peck in 1810 and the Trustees of Dartmouth College V. Woodward in 1819. Fletcher v. Peck involved public lands granted to private persons through graft, and the Court? s concluding determination ruled in favour of continuing the contract which seeded the land even though it was deceitful. Whether the contract was legal or non, Marshall? s Court wanted to acquire the message across that contracts are sacred and that the granting of land is a belongings right. The Dartmouth Case involved the college? s original charter, created in 1769, before the United States even existed, which the province of New Hampshire was seeking to alter so the college would be a public establishment instead than private. The concluding determination recognized the college as a private corporation and called for the protection of private corporations from province intercession under the contract clause. The balance of power that the Constitution was supposed to continue shifted greatly so that the national authorities held the most power after McCulloch v. Maryland in 1819. The Court? s determination asserted federal power by foregrounding the 10th Amendment and the Necessary and Proper Clause, Article 1 and Section 8. The former provinces that the powers non allotted to Congress travel to the States, and the latter says that Congress has the authorization to make anything necessary and proper to transport out its activities. The instance preferred national power over the provinces? power. Another province instance came along in 1821 with Cohens v. Virginia. It raised the inquiry of whether the Supreme Court besides has the power of judicial reappraisal over province instances. The Court decided that yes, they would wish to hold power over province instances every bit good. Their logical thinking was that it was non the parties involved but the issues, and whether those peculiar issues raised a inquiry of constitutionality. Article 1, Section 8 besides discusses the Interstate Commerce clause, which was enforced with Gibbons v. Ogden in 1824. Ogden had a monopoly on steamboats utilizing the Hudson River, an interstate waterway because it connects New York and New Jersey. The Court ruled that this interfered with congressional power regulating interstate commercialism as stated in the clause. Marshall used this determination to his advantage to reject the impression of provinces and the federal authorities being every bit powerful entities. The tendencies during the Marshall old ages called greatly for the undermining of the province? s powers, as shown in McCulloch v. Maryland, Cohens v. Virginia and Gibbons v. Ogden. These instances chiefly humiliated the single provinces and stretched the powers held by Congress. Besides another form was the protection of belongings. As stated before, Marshall and the framers of the Constitution were Federalists and called for the saving of private belongings and personal addition, and the contract clause was used every bit frequently as possible to profit those impressions. Particularly in the instance of Marbury v. Madison, one can see how cunning the Federalists were in seeking to advance their thoughts, taking into consideration that Marshall elected to non holding Marbury have his committee so that finally it would be to Marshall? s benefit and the disadvantage of Jefferson and the Democratic-Republicans. Most of his determinations circulated around being advantageous to the Federalists and switching power more toward the national authorities, another Federalist end. Bibliography No bibliography.

Sunday, March 8, 2020

Yeha - Saba (Sheba) Kingdom Site in Ethiopia

Yeha - Saba' (Sheba) Kingdom Site in Ethiopia Yeha is a large Bronze Age archaeological site located about 15 miles (25 km) northeast of the modern town of Adwa in Ethiopia. It is the largest and most impressive archaeological site in the Horn of Africa showing evidence of contact with South Arabia, leading some scholars to describe Yeha and other sites as precursors to the Aksumite civilization. Fast Facts: Yeha Yeha is a large Bronze Age site in the Ethiopian Horn of Africa, established in the first millennium BCE.  Surviving structures include a temple, an elite residence and a set of rock-cut shaft tombs.  The builders were Sabaean, people from an Arabian kingdom in Yemen, thought to be the ancient land of Sheba. The earliest occupation at Yeha dates to the first millennium BCE. Surviving monuments include a well-preserved Great Temple, a palace perhaps an elite residence called Grat Beal Gebri, and the Daro Mikael cemetery of rock-cut shaft-tombs. Three artifact scatters probably representing residential settlements have been identified within a few kilometers of the main site but have not to date been investigated. The builders of Yeha were part of the Sabaean culture, also known as Saba, speakers of an old South Arabian language whose kingdom was based in Yemen and who are thought to have been what the Judeo-Christian bible names as the land of Sheba, whose powerful Queen is said to have visited Solomon. Chronology at Yeha Yeha I: 8th–7th centuries BCE. Earliest structure located at the palace at Grat Beal Gebri; and a small temple where the Great Temple would be constructed later.Yeha II: 7th–5th centuries BCE. Great Temple and the palace at Grat Beal Gebri built, elite cemetery at Daro Mikael begun.Yeha III: Late first millennium BCE. Late phase of construction at Grat Beal Gebri, tombs T5 and T6 at Daro Mikael. Great Temple of Yeha The Great Temple of Yeha is also known as the Almaqah Temple because it was dedicated to Almaqah, the moon god of the Saba kingdom. Based on construction similarities to others in the Saba region, the Great Temple was likely built in the 7th century BCE. The 46x60 foot (14x18 meter) structure stands 46 ft (14 m) high and was constructed of well-made ashlar (cut stone) blocks measuring up to 10 ft (3 m) long. The ashlar blocks fit together tightly without mortar, which, say scholars, contributed to the structures preservation over 2,600 years after it was built. The temple is surrounded by a cemetery and enclosed by a double wall. Foundation fragments of an earlier temple have been identified beneath the Great Temple and likely date to the 8th century BCE. The temple is located on an elevated location next to a Byzantine church (built 6th c CE) which is higher still. Some of the temple stones were borrowed to build the Byzantine church, and scholars suggest there may have been an older temple where the new church was built. Construction Characteristics The Great Temple is a rectangular building, and it was marked by a double-denticulate (toothed) frieze that still survives in places on its northern, southern, and eastern faà §ades. The faces of the ashlars display typical Sabaean stone masonry, with smoothed margins and a pecked center, similar to those at the Saba kingdom capitals such as the Almaqah Temple at Sirwah and the Awam Temple in Marib. In front of the building was a platform with six pillars (called a propylon), which provided access to a gate, a broad wooden door frame, and double doors. The narrow entrance led to an interior with five aisles created by four rows of three squarish pillars. The two side aisles in the north and south were covered by a ceiling and above it was a second story. The central aisle was open to the sky. Three wooden-walled chambers of equal size were located at the eastern end of the temple interior. Two additional cultic rooms extended out from the central chamber. A drainage system leading to a hole in the southern wall was inserted into the floor to assure that the temple interior was not flooded by rainwater. Palace at Grat Be'al Gebri The second monumental structure at Yeha is named Grat Beal Gebri, sometimes spelled as Great Baal Guebry. It is located a short distance from the Great Temple but in a comparatively poor state of preservation. The buildings dimensions were likely 150x150 ft (46x46 m) square, with a raised platform (podium) of 14.7 ft (4.5 m) high, itself built of volcanic rock ashlars. The exterior faà §ade had projections at the corners. The front of the building once also had a propylon with six pillars, the bases of which have been preserved. The stairs leading up to the propylon are missing, although the foundations are visible. Behind the propylon, there was a huge gate with a narrow opening, with two massive stone doorposts. Wooden beams were inserted horizontally along the walls and penetrating into them. Radiocarbon dating of the wooden beams dates construction between early 8th–late 6th centuries BCE. Necropolis of Daro Mikael The cemetery at Yeha consists of six rock-cut tombs. Each tomb was accessed via a staircase along 8.2 ft (2.5 m) deep vertical shafts with one grave chamber on each side. The entrances to the tombs were originally blocked by rectangular stone panels, and other stone panels sealed the shafts at the surface, and then all was covered by a mound of stone rubble. A stone enclosure fenced in the tombs, although it is unknown whether they were roofed or not. The chambers were up to 13 ft (4 m) in length and 4 ft (1.2 m) in height and were originally used for multiple burials, but all were looted in antiquity. Some displaced skeletal fragments and broken grave goods (clay vessels and beads) were found; based on grave goods and similar tombs at other Saba sites, the tombs probably date to the 7th–6th c BCE. Arabian Contacts at Yeha Yeha period III has traditionally been identified as a pre-Axumite occupation, based primarily on the identification of evidence for contact with South Arabia. Nineteen fragmentary inscriptions on stone slabs, altars and seals have been found at Yeha written in a South Arabian script. However, excavator Rodolfo Fattovich notes that the South Arabian ceramics and related artifacts recovered from Yeha and other sites in Ethiopia and Eritrea are a small minority and do not support the presence of a consistent South Arabian community. Fattovich and others believe that these do not represent a precursor to the Axumite civilization. The first professional studies at Yeha involved a small excavation by the Deutsche Axum-Expedition in 1906, then part of the Ethiopian Institute of Archaeology excavations in the 1970s led by F. Anfrayin. In the 21st century, investigations have been conducted by the Sanaa Branch of the Orient Department of the German Archaeological Institute (DAI) and the Hafen City University of Hamburg. Sources Fattovich, Rodolfo, et al. Archaeological Expedition at Aksum (Ethiopia) of the University of Naples Lorientale - 2010 Field Season: Seglamen. Naples: Universit degli studi di Napoli LOrientale, 2010. Print.Harrower, Michael J., and A. Catherine D’Andrea. Landscapes of State Formation: Geospatial Analysis of Aksumite Settlement Patterns (Ethiopia). African Archaeological Review 31.3 (2014): 513–41. Print.Japp, Sarah, et al. Yeha and Hawelti: Cultural Contacts between Saba and Dmt; New Research by the German Archaeological Institute in Ethiopia. Proceedings of the Seminar for Arabian Studies 41 (2011): 145–60. Print.Lindstaedt, M., et al. Virtual Reconstruction of the Almaqah Temple of Yeha in Ethiopia by Terrestrial Laser Scanning. International Archives of the Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences 38.5/W16 (2011): 199–203. Print.Phillipson, David W. Foundations of an African Civilisation: Aksum the Northern Horn 1000 BC–A D 1300. Suffolk, Great Britain: James Currey, 2012. Print. Wolf, Pawel, and Ulrike Nowotnick. The Almaqah Temple of . Proceedings of the Seminar for Arabian Studies 40 (2010): 367–80. Print.Meqaber Gaewa near Wuqro (Tigray, Ethiopia)

Friday, February 21, 2020

The Theme of Death in the Works of Edgar Allan Poe Essay

The Theme of Death in the Works of Edgar Allan Poe - Essay Example Poe was then sent to both the Chelsea and the Stoke Newington boarding schools in the suburbs f London. Although he was a brilliant student, excelling especially in mathematics, he did not enjoy his days spent there. In July f 1820 Mr. Allan's business collapsed, and they were forced to return to Richmond in order to avoid the creditors that Allan was indebted to. Edgar Allan Poe was obviously not typical in his style f writing nor in his style f life. His father left the family when he was young and his mother was dead by the time Poe was three from tuberculosis. "So precocious a child must have carried with him, deeply imprinted, the waning figure and the coughing paroxysms f his mother." (Darkening 9). For the remainder f his tragic life, things never seemed to improve much. He lost his wife (also his cousin), Virginia, two years before his own death. After his trouble with alcoholism and general bad health, Poe died when he was about 40 years old. The exact events surrounding his death are still uncertain and somewhat mysterious. (Parker 1-5) Most f Poe's literary works were inspired by life. "Alone" is Poe's way f vocalizing the unique and dismal life that he led. He, from an apparently young age, finds himself with such different feelings about life than most people. In this poem, Poe describes his own condition f loneliness. In the first three stanzas alone, Poe discusses that since his early childhood he didn't see the world as others saw it. Even as a child his emotions were very hard to express. Anything he expressed he kept inside. In the sixth stanza, Poe writes "My sorrow; I could not awaken", meaning that because he had his emotions bottled up, he couldn't even express his sorrow. Because he couldn't express his emotions, anything he loved he couldn't love with another person, he could only love alone. There was no way he could express himself emotionally. Poe continues to reiterate that since his childhood he had this mystery surrounding him, following him wherever he went. When he did anything or went anywher e, there was this mystery or shadow that continued to bind him. This mystery could be the problem f not expressing his emotions he inherited as a child or the element f self-companionship. "His was a deviant mind, and his soul, ever lost in mystery, was possessed f demons; even elements f nature assumed their form."(Darkening 9). Ultimately Poe emphasizes this mystery as an evil or "a demon" that was haunting him. The demon was present everywhere; even the elements f nature assumed its form. Poe describes the demon as the sun rolling around him, as the thunder from the storm. Everywhere he turns and looks this evil is lurking around him, making Poe unique from others. Poe describes his uniqueness as a result f the demon that he is consumed by. The reason why he is alone, and why he can only love alone is because f this demon which he inherited as a child. (VanSpanckeren 1-5) Numerous events in Poe's life can explain why Poe may have written this poem. This poem was written in 1830, around the year where his stepmother had died and when his stepfather had remarried. The death f his "beloved step-mother reinforced the morbid consistency f Edgar's mind."(Darkening 4-5). Her death probably caused more psychological problems to Poe. He lost his biological mother and his stepmother, both f whom helped provide emotional support for